UNESCO Chair on Ecohydrology and Transboundary Water Management

1. Project title: UNESCO Chair on Ecohydrology and Transboundary Water Management

2. Approved: August, 2018

3. Domain(s) or discipline(s) concerned:  Capacity building in Ecohydrology and water resources management

4. Name and full address of host institution(s):

Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Solomon Mahlangu College of Science and Education,  Department of Geography and Environmental Studies,  P.O. Box 3038, Chuo Kikuu, MorogoroTANZANIA.

5. College/Department concerned: Solomon Mahlangu College of Science and Education, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies. Location:Mazimbu Campus


6. Executing institution: Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA)

• Project leader/contact person:

Dr. Makarius C.S. Lalika, PhD – Founder and Chair Holder

Department of Geography and Environmental Studies,

Solomon Mahlangu College of Science and Education,

Mazimbu Campus, P.O. Box 3038, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro TANZANIA

Tel. 255-23–2 604420  / Fax 255- 23– 2 603404

E-mail:lalika_2mc@suanet.ac.tz; makarius.lalika@yahoo.com

Website: https://www.conas.sua.ac.tz/index.php/collaborators

Skype: makarius.lalika1

7. Partners:

·        Prof. MaciejZalewski,


European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology of the Polish Academy of Science,

University of Lodz, ul.Tylna 3, PL 90-364 Lodz, Poland.

E-mail:mzal@biol.uni.lodz.pl, maciej.zalewski@biol.uni.lodz.pl


·        Prof. Luis Chicharo,

Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia,

Universidade do Algarve,

Campus de Gambelas,

8005-139 Faro, Portugal

E-mail: lchichar@ualg.pt


·        Mr. YohannesZerihun

Coordinator, Ecohydrology Coordination Office

Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity

Haile Gebresilassie St, Code 1056/P.O .Box 140

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

E-mail: yhnnszerihun@gmail.com


1. Type of project: UNESCO Chair

2. Domain(s) or discipline(s): Capacity building in Ecohydrology and water resources management

3. Objectives

3.1 Development objective (long term)

To Improve and Up-Scale Knowledge on Ecohydrology and Transboundary Water Management in the Eastern, Central and Southern Africa Region

3.2 Specific objectives

i) To enhance water experts with local knowledge in the application of Ecohydrology and biotechnology practices in solving national and transboundary water problems for ecological sustainability and societal needs;


ii) To develop and promote research skills for solving transboundary groundwater problems for improving waterquality, transboundary aquifers management and groundwater recharge for sustainable water flow;


iii) To build the capacity of academicians, researchers and other water professions with skills in Ecohydrology and disseminate this problem solving science for national and transboundary water management


iv) To equip MSc and PhD students with knowledge on Ecohydrology and systemic solutions for solving national and transbounday water problems; and


v)  To enhance the regional cooperation among riparian countries on issues related to transboundary water conflicts and ground water problems


4. Type of activities

Postgraduate teaching programme: Teaching and research for MSc and PhD students. To start with, it is expected that 6 MSc and 4 PhD students will be enrolled in each year. Among them, 60% of MSc and PhD students will be females. The aim is to bridge the gap of gender disparity in (Ecohydrology) education.

Short-term training: Capacity building for members of the College, other partner Universities and civil servants and other experts working in the water management sector. As stated above, priorities will be for females whom, for quite long time have lagged behind in professional trainings of this nature.

Research: In initial stages 6 MSc and 4 PhD students will be involved in research. In this regards, at least 60% of MSc and PhD students will be females. The aim is to bridge the gap of gender disparity in Ecohydrology research.

Visiting professorships: A number of academicians / scholars from various institutions in the NORTH and SOUTH will be invited to Tanzania for knowledge sharing through MSc and PhD teaching and supervision.

Scholarships: Upon fund availability, young scholars will be given opportunities for further studies in Ecohydrology through this NORTH – SOUTH collaboration. Priorities will be given to females inspiring to be Ecohydrology professionals.

Institutional development:  To train laboratory technicians, improve equipment and improve the learning environment. This will enhance smooth lab work for MSc and PhD students

5. Target beneficiaries

Students:MSc and PhD in Ecohydrology and Transboundary Water Management

Academics: MSc and PhD studies, short courses and capacity building workshops for academic staff from partners universities in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa

Professionals: Water experts from relevant Ministries and water conservation organizations

Other:Decision makers from the Tanzania Government

6. Activities done so far

6.1 International Training on Ecohydrology in Tanzania “From Solutions to Real Implementation”. April 29th – May 3rd ,  2019. Walter Sisulu Board Room- SMCOSESokoine University of Agriculture Tanzania.


6.2Two MSc students doing MSc in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (Mr. NeshafatiFwaya and Rafael Antidius)



6.3 Launched a book for teaching University students in the African continent titled: “Water Management Using Ecohydrology and Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Africa”


The book has 12 topics: Topic 1: Introduction to Ecohydrology and freshwater management; Topic 2: Introduction to IWRM and principles of IWRM; Topic 3: River basin management and ecology of lakes; Topic 4: Potentials for Ecohydrology in watershed management; Topic 5: IWRM and aquatic ecosystem management; Topic 6:Introduction to limnology, marine resources, estuarine, coastal wetlands management; Topic 7: Wetland ecology and management; Topic 8: Integrating Ecohydrology and environmental economics; Topic 9: Riparian vegetation and river health assessment; Topic 10: Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System; Topic 11:Ecohydrology, biotechnology and water resources; and Topic 12: Water resource management and gender involvement / participation. 


Environmental Watch Association of Tanzania (EWAT) is a Non Government Organization with registration number 14637 according to the society’s ordinance of 1954 under Ministry of Home affairs. Its headquarter is found at Sokoine University of Agriculture-Solomon Mahlangu Campus in Morogoro.


It performs different activities in the university, national and global level specifically in Environmental matters by observing the social, economic, ecological, science and technological issues by basing on the National Environmental Policy of 1997 which identifies six (6) major problems, which require urgent attention, These are: loss of wildlife habitats and biodiversity, deforestation, land degradation, deterioration of aquatic systems, lack of accessible, good quality water and environmental pollution (SusDev , 2007).


EWAT follows the nation and International regulations, principles and Laws of Environment. According to Article 14 of the constitution of Tanzania and S. 4 of Tanzanian environmental management act of 2004 provides the right to life and to a clean, safe and healthy environment to every citizen of Tanzania. On the other hand it requires every citizen to protect the environment.


Despite EWAT being using the laws and principles of Tanzania, it tends to expand to International laws such as Principle No. 1 of the Stockholm convention links environmental protection to human right norms, it states “Man has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate conditions of life in an environment of equality that permits a life of dignity and wellbeing.” The principle further imposes responsibilities on man to protect and improve the environment for the benefit of present and future generations


EWAT Motto: Science for Greener and Cleaner Environment.




Working together in protection of our biodiversity for vulnerable communities and ecosystems to achieve sustainable development.



Environmental sustainability for our biodiversity in Tanzania the planet earth at large.




4.EWAT aims to do the following tasks in the society:

Analysing the current extinction crisis of biodiversity and wildlife conservation in Tanzania.


Rescuing the Snow of Kilimanjaro Mountain and conserving the species and areas surrounding the Mountain.


Leading in tree planting programme and make the nation green and enjoyable place for attracting the tourists hence contribute to Tanzania Economy.


Exposing the society to the threat and effects of climate change on human, Infrastructures, Agriculture and various ecological issues.


Organizing different Workshops/Seminars on Environmental Issues in different areas in Tanzania.


Increasing information, Education and Awareness on Various Environmental aspects with respect to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which ensures Environmental Sustainability and Develop a Global Partnership for Development.


Fighting with HIV/AIDS at Primary, Secondary Schools, Institutional level and the whole society Tanzania regions.


Creating Employment to the youths within the organization as an effort of EWAT to reduce Unemployment in the nation.


Mainstreaming initiatives where environmental problems can be addressed while alleviating poverty. In collaborating with National Strategies for Growth and Poverty Reduction (NSGPR), the programme aims to make clear that; Priority is knowledge and a better understanding of the links between poverty and the environment, Environmental data is being integrated in poverty reduction and local planning to determine the impacts of policies and plans on related issues. Capacity must be built at national and local level to better address poverty and environmental issues in future interventions .


5.EWAT has succeeded to do the following:


i)                   To conduct the workshop about Mainstreaming environmental problems and initiatives that have been taken with respect to; National Strategies for Poverty Reduction and Economic growth, The National Development vision 2025 and the Millennium Development Goals that took place at Solomon Mahlangu–SUA on 04/04/2008 by collaborating with Faculty of Science.


To Present papers about Environmental issues during Mwl. Nyerere day of memorial on 14/10/2007 at Solomon Mahlangu Campus-SUA by collaborating with Faculty of Science.


Tree planting programme under high support of faculty of Science in January 2008.


iv) To distribute the education to the students and Staff members at Sokoine University of Agriculture on the effects of Climate Change in the world


EWAT has a management system for looking daily activities performed by the organization


According to Constitution, the system of leadership in EWAT is made up by Executive Committee, Public Relation Officer and leaders of Departments. Executive includes Chairperson, Vice chairperson, Secretary and Treasurer. Each department is headed by Chairperson, Secretary and other 4 extra members.


7.EWAT has 5 departments:

ii)           Advisory and disciplinary Department

iii)         Social Affair Department

iv)         Academic and Consultancy Department

v)           Academic and Consultancy Department

vi)         Project planning Department

vii)        HIV/AIDS Intervention Bureau Department

viii)     The current Chairperson of EWAT is Mr. Mponda Malozo under assistant of Irene Kibona (Vice Chairperson), Said Mateso (Secretary) and William Matungwa (Treasurer).



It is one of the main objectives of EWAT through JOIN HAND PROGRAMME. It is obvious the snow of Kilimanjaro is decreasing tremendously at the top due the global warming which is caused by greenhouse gases from mainly anthropogenic activities and hence special agency is required to serve the Mountain and maintain its naturality. It is proved that by 2040 year the glacier will reach critical point of depreciation.


It is through this situation in which EWAT has decided to start the programme of conserving the whole Environment of Kilimanjaro Mountain.


s the first effort, EWAT has planned to have an Expedition on 25/08/2008 to see the real condition of the Mountain.


Everything is ready concerning the journey to Kilimanjaro on the mentioned date.